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Mexican architecture: Its facts and characteristics

mexican architecture
Written by Dhrubajyoti Roy

Mexico is famous for many things from narcotic drugs to the ancient ethnic groups spread across the nation, the ancient American country is known for its tradition which is living after centuries and centuries of modern lifestyle, the foods are widely famous in Mexico because of the unique taste and tradition of food in each town, unlike other nation which have one unique food Mexico have different foods for each and every town in the country, though the country is not fond of arts it still have its own part in the artistic world from cotton garments to Mexican folk art.

When it comes to architecture Mexico has some oldest form of architecture in the world like the Mayan architecture, it is still the oldest architecture of the world and still, we can witness some of it in the old American soil.

  • Puuc style
  • Mexican baroque style
  • Neoclassic architecture style
  • Modern architecture
  • Contemporary architecture
  • Mexican style architectures

Puuc style:

Puuc is one of most recognized architecture from Mexico, both Puuc and Mayan architecture same but the name Puuc represent the hill where most of the Mayan architectural buildings are located, it is still a mystery how the ancient American people used the right and extraordinary use of geometry and build towers with accurate ratios.

Box shaped bricks and limestones are widely used in the pouch style and stone mosaic too played its part in the Mayan architecture, the architecture can be classified according to the usage and we can identify the architectural usage just with the shape.

The people of Mexica in ancient times followed the pattern for building like pyramid shape and other such fancy shapes to represent the building’s purpose, unfortunately, most of the Mayan architectural buildings are destroyed over time and by the invasion of Spanish people and other such calamities.

Places like Uxmal, Chichen Itza have most of the Mexican Mayan architecture to show us some of the remaining Puuc style architecture.

Mexican baroque architecture:

Baroque is one of most popular European architecture style for its fancy structure and usage of ornamental materials, with the invasion of Spanish, the baroque style is implemented in the Mexican soil too and dominated for nearly three centuries, Mexico too adapted slowly to the baroque style overtimes and today we can witness most of the cathedrals in the European architectural format.

The usage of curved forms with oval shapes including concave and convex form are some of core characteristic feature of the Mexican baroque style, twisting elements with bright and illusionary colors made it to look fancier than any other architecture at the time, the Mexican people astonished with the style and it leads to the conversion of religion.

Metropolitan cathedral is one of most iconic Mexican baroque architectural building in the country with all aspects of the baroque style build from Mexican elements and materials, the interior of the cathedral is one thing to amuse about for its marvelous design concept and the right usage of gold ornaments.

The 18th century building with golden in color carries the glory of the baroque architecture in the Mexican soil and shows us the impact it created centuries ago

Neoclassic architecture style:

Neoclassicism is another mighty architectural style which emerged from Europe which added to the list of Mexican architecture, the classic Roman architecture is famous for the neat and royal design with usage of plain colors and yet looks majestic in formation, Neoclassicism is one architectural concept which spread to the entire world without any dominance or forced implementation.

People of various countries adapted to the classic architectural style for its simplicity and America played bigger role in adapting to the neoclassical architectural, Washington is the effect of Neoclassism.

 Mexico too at a time adapted to the ancient Greek style, marbles is the major material while constructing a neoclassical building and sculptures play a very important role in the architecture.

The government palace of nuevo is one of recognizable neoclassical architectural building in the Mexican country with all the simplistic form of design with usage of plain colors and sculptured walls, it is one fine architecture to astonish at and plays an important role in the Mexican architecture.

Modern architecture:          

Modern architecture is widely known for the low cost when compared to most of the architecture style in the world, modern architecture style act as a solution for the world of architecture rather than just another style of building.

It introduced a vertical way of the building rather than horizontal alone and saved more money and also gave more space to peoples, cities are dealing with less space of living in both offices and houses and modern architecture gave a solution of building skyscrapers which is low in cost while comparing to the traditional architecture of occupying more ground space with less space of living in it.

Mexico is no less than any other country and it too adapted to the modern architecture and today we are witnessing some of most amazing modern architecture in the world which located in Mexico, Torre Latinoamericana is one of beautiful modern architecture with tall glassy structure and slim tower in it, the white mixed steel color is shining over the Mexico city with all the characteristics of modern architecture, Augusto H. Alvarez is the master behind the beautiful art and made the modern architecture to the Mexican architecture list.

Contemporary architecture:

The extraordinary usage of materials in the most freedom way is often called as contemporary architecture, the architecture style is famous for the usage of materials in a very different and artistic way which results in something wonderful, the modern architectural style is widely speeded one like the wildfire.

The high usage of steels and glasses made the style look more stylish then the modern architecture itself and the freedom way of placing the materials question the capacity of other architectural styles in the world.

Contemporary architecture is never a standard one but instead, it is constantly changing one in both design and the elements used in it, though steels and glasses are commonly used the various categories involved in it are also one of the most advanced features of the architecture.

University museum of contemporary art in Mexico is one of amazing contemporary architectural building in the entire nation for the giant usage of glass and steels coordinated within represent the contemporary in the Mexican architecture world.

Mexican style architecture:

Apart from all the international architectural styles, Mexico has its own vernacular style to represent their identity in the world of architecture, Mexican style, adobe-style homes, hacienda-style, and Spanish style Mexican villas are some of it.

Mexican style home:

The colors are very important while constructing Mexican style houses which represent the combination in both inside and outside the architecture, the roof is another important thing which act as both covering material and helps people to sustain heat in the deserted region.

Stucco or stone walls are mostly used in the Mexican style along with red tiles roof and arch-shaped ceilings are very common in the architectural style.

Adobe style home:

Adobe is one of a most famous desert architectural style which is purposely used for building homes, clay and soil plays important role in the architecture and walls act as a supporting element of the house rather than a foundation.

Adobe roofs are made of a colloidal mixture of soil, clay, and water along with some organic materials which help to sustain the heat, woods are also used for decorations and door purposes in the adobe architectural style, we can witness the architectural building the hot Caribbean region of the country.

Hacienda style homes:

Hacienda is another important Mexican architecture for the royal and rich design style with more occupation space inside the house, hacienda-style homes are referred to as the house which is larger in size and more comfort than ordinary houses, huge compounds and multi-story are some of the common characteristics of the style.

Large bricks with cobblestone floors and marble foundations are some of the core materials used in the construction of hacienda style.

Spanish Mexican style:

The impact of the Spanish invasion left the Spanish style villas in Mexica like a red flower in the garden of white flowers, most of the mansions in Mexico build with Spanish Mexican style with larger in size and fancy in design and extraordinary decorations.

Central courtyards with white stucco walls and red tile roofs are common in the architectural style, arch shapes are also some of the core features in the Spanish Mexican style, most of the drug lords and Gangsters own mansion made of the Spanish Mexican architectural style.

Conclusion:

Mexico may be the land of high dose drugs and the world of gangsters surrounded but the country has more beautiful things like the unique taste of food from town to town and art to not miss out, from ancient Mayan architecture to the colonial Spanish architecture and growing to the modern and contemporary architecture it is a land of colloidal art where we can see almost all forms of architecture scattered through the desert and the cities.

About the author

Dhrubajyoti Roy

I am a 5th-year student pursuing a bachelor's course in Architecture. I partake in freelancing work in the field of Architecture range from buildings in Autocad to 3D Rendering and work through in Lumion.

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