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The architecture of Tripura | North-East India

Architecture of Tripura
Written by Dhrubajyoti Roy

Architecture of Tripura

Content:

1.Tripura
2.People & culture
3.Garia puja

Kharchi puja

Ker puja

4.Architecture of Tripura

  • Bamboo house
  • Riang house
  • Mudhouse
  • Tong Ghar
  • Tin house
  • Bamboo bridge

5.Crafts of Tripura

                   6.Agriculture of Tripura

                   7.Attractions to look at

                   8.Conclusion

Tripura:

When we are going through a full harsh day and then suddenly we come to see people dancing with bamboo and not caring about anything else than their happiness, isn’t it weird?

Tripura is one such state, being one of the smallest states in the country, Tripura can be represented as more woods fewer roads, the state covers more than half of forest and has only one highway to connect with the entire state, which means it is the land of freedom and escape from ordinary Indian state.

We all know about the art, craft of the northeastern part of India, the people in the seven sisters of northeastern India are well known for their mastery art and crafts, Tripura is no exception, with bamboo and cane as their major craft, the state is majorly famous for their clean and attractive bamboo’s.

With five big mountains and the beautiful valley are in between, Tripura still looks like the ancient land of India with less advanced technology and more cultured people.

People in Tripura speak Bengali as a major one, the effect of Tripura kingdoms is the secret behind Bengali population in the state, with canes and bamboos the state is a land of nature with greenly painted skin.

People and culture:

If you started reading about India, the root goes to the tribal population of India, the ancient survivor of India are so-called the tribal people and Tripura is a state that holds one of the majority in tribal populations of about sixteen and above tribal communities still living in the state.

The Kokborok speaking Tripuri tribes are the major tribal population of the state, the people are majorly living in the hilly region of the state.

Tripuris, Jamatia, Reang, Naitong, Koloi, Murasing, Chakma, Halam, Garo, Hajong, Kuki, Mizo, Mogh, Munda, Oraon, Santhal, and Uchoi are some of the ethnic tribes still living in Tripura and their history goes back about 65AD, and even in the mentions of Hindu holy book of Mahabharat and even in the inscriptions of king Ashoka the great.

Tripura is the land of kings, the mighty Twipra kingdom ruled the entire region of northeastern India, from Burma to Bengal, the book of Rajamala(the chronicles of kingdoms of Tripura) elaborates the history and kingdoms of Tripura in the ancient days.

In the late 14th century the kings of Tripura adopted Anikya titles and changed their capital to Udaipur.

Garia puja:

With drums, music, and dance in the month of April, the harvesting festival of the state celebrated as the Garia festival, the puja is celebrated by all the communities, with sacrificing of bamboos and cock along with rice, cotton, and other natural resources, the festival itself is the identity of people and the state.

Kharchi puja:

If someone like you want to feel the royal side of Tripura, you must visit the Karachi puja with thousands of people praying to the fourteen gods in the month of July, to worship the mother earth the festival of Karachi puja is celebrated by thousands of people from the entire state, it takes place in the city of Agartala for about a week, one must visit the Karachi puja to feel the tribal culture of the state.

Ker puja:

Ker Puja is one of the rituals followed by every Tripuri tribe from the ancient days, it celebrated in the fortnight of Karachi puja and people follow strict rules during the time of her puja, everyone maintains silent during the puja and people are not allowed to cross the boundary till the puja gets finished.

The Architecture of Tripura:

 Bamboo houses:

Bamboo is the major element available in the state of Tripura and the vernacular architecture of Tripura is revolved around the locally available material like bamboo, timber, thatch, lives, cane and lime.

The bamboos and cane are collected during the winter season and the construction starts in the dry season, the whole community of people participates in the construction and they build housed in rectangular in shapes.

Riang house:

The Riang tribes of Tripura build their houses with bamboo as the major source material and thatch used for the roofing, the entire architecture of the rising house is made using bamboo alone from floor to beam and walls, finally the roofing is done with the help of thatch.

The Riang house is mostly rectangular in shape.

Mudhouse:

Like most of the Indian states, the mud house is one of the ancient methods of building houses, still, in some part of Tripura, we can see the mud houses, in ancient times the mud houses are built with complete mud and bamboo for beam, thatch, grass for roof.

In the present day, the mud house builds with mud and iron sheets for the roofing.

Tong Ghar:

Tong Ghar is one type of great example to the pure house, made of only one material, the tong Ghar houses are made completely with bamboo, the walls are made of plain bamboos and the floor is made of ordered bamboos with plain bamboo roof and grass to cover.

This helps the environment to stay in its ecological state rather than a chemically absorbed one.

Tin house:

Tin houses are also seen in the present-day architecture style of Tripura, house which made of complete tin from the roof to bottom, bamboos are used as supporting beam and for window purposes alone, even the walls are of tin, tin is one such example for a very low-cost housing methodology.

Bamboo bridges:

Bamboo bridges are such common things in Tripura but not in the rest of the country, as bamboo is the most available material in the state, they use it majorly for every purpose of life.

Crafts of Tripura:

Like every northeastern state of India, Tripura is also famous for its craftwork which attracts people from other countries too, bamboo and cane are majorly used craft material in Tripura.

From furniture, handbag, lamps, baskets, hand fans, shopping bags, purses, hats, window and door screens all the things are made with the help of bamboo in a very attractive way and manner.

The weaving is so famous in the state of Tripura

Agriculture:

Settled cultivation and shifting cultivation are two major methods followed by the people of Tripura in agriculture, with rice as the major production crop along with potato, jute, sugarcane, chili, and natural rubber as their major agricultural elements.

Tripura is the second largest state in India cultivating raw rubber next to Kerala.

Fruits:

Tripura is famous for many such things but fruits are the core of Tripura’s identity to the rest of the country, the orange garden and pineapple garden are vastly seen in the state and they supply the majority of the fruit to the neighboring state in india.0000000

Attractions to look at:

Tripura Sundari temple:

The name of Tripura is even evolved from the god of Tripura Sundari, one of 51 Shakthipeedas in India, the temple is the identity of the state located in Udaipur.

Neermahal:

Neermahal is one such place of Tripura you can’t miss, the water palace is one of a treat to the adventurer and people who seek magic, with 53 km away from Agartala the water palace located in the heart of Rudra Sagar lake.

Ujjayanta Palace:

In the capital city of Tripura, we can witness the mighty works of the royal king who ruled the real of Tripura, with magnificent Mughal style architecture the white giant palace shines like the diamond in between the pearls, build in 1901 AD by king Maharaja Radha Kishore Manikya.

Jagannath temple:

With unique octagonal architecture style, the Jagannath temple is one such identity to the architects and their style of Tripura, in the Agartala itself, the Jagannath temple locate, the temple built by the king maharaja Tripura himself.

Conclusion:

From mountains to gardens, bamboos to canes the hilly state of Tripura is a whole new experience in India, like the poems of Robert frost, the content more woods, and fewer roads so that we can explore into woods and lost into the hands of nature.

The tribal communities of Tripura show us the ancient side of the state, with histories older than the birth of Christ the state stands high in nature, architecture, and craft, of course, if you plan to get lost into the nature, pack your bag and go to the five giant mountains of Tripura, you feel peace and the soul will surely dance to the music of the region.

To feel the ancient ethnic culture and crafts that make wonders from the hands of tribal peoples, fruits that give us honey and mountains that give us memories to look at, Tripura is one such spot of pleasant and astonishing place to wander in.

About the author

Dhrubajyoti Roy

I am a 5th-year student pursuing a bachelor's course in Architecture. I partake in freelancing work in the field of Architecture range from buildings in Autocad to 3D Rendering and work through in Lumion.

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