The term vernacular in architecture is used to refer to the indigenous architectural style that belongs to a particular region or cultural origin. Vernacular architecture refers closely to the designs that are convenient for that particular region keeping a few key factors into consideration. The factors that are taken into consideration are the geographical topography, climatic conditions as well and how prone to disasters (the types of disasters as well) that particular region is. Another but also one of the most important factors that stand for consideration is the types of materials that are locally available in abundance.
Vernacularism of buildings is a very appreciated and upcoming form of architectural study. The understanding of a cultural and traditional style of construction is in many ways respecting the cultural, natural, and traditional heritage of any place. Not only that, vernacularism helps in understanding the psychological and societal structure of any person. One of the best aspects of vernacularism is the harmonious nature of such a construction system with nature, in that it is cost-effective, less straining on the environment, and most importantly, extremely practical.
It is widely believed that to learn architecture, one must be very thorough and true to the knowledge and understanding of one’s materials. This refers to the nature, purpose, and variation that a particular material serves when used during construction and the final condition that it reflects on the finished building. Materials are a very integral part of architecture and play a major role in any form of construction aiding to variety on many levels.
A good architect always keeps himself conscious of the materials and their properties before the inception of any design. This is a conscious and knowledgeable choice that every architect must undergo to keep a clear vision. At the start of any design, the understanding of the materials that one chooses to use or apply for the particular project must be a clear decision. Once that goes under the hammer, a definite understanding of the finished picture should always arise reflecting on the materials’ properties and nature.