In northeastern Meghalaya, India, lies a hidden gem, Laitlum Canyon. Translating to “end of hills” in the local Khasi language, Laitlum Canyon offers a breathtaking view of the surrounding hills and valleys. This off-beat destination is perfect for nature lovers and adventure seekers alike, as it provides an escape from the hustle and bustle of city life. Let’s explore this natural wonder’s geography, geology, flora, and fauna.

laitlum canyon

The geography and geology

Laitlum Canyon is a 300-hectare canyon in the Meghalaya East Khasi Hills district, with steep slopes and cliffs providing a stunning view. The rocks are primarily sandstones and shale formed during the Eocene epoch, with layers of rock subjected to intense tectonic activity resulting in the formation of cliffs and gorges. The canyon’s unique rock formations and breathtaking landscapes have been sculpted by wind, water, and ice over millions of years.

laitlum canyon

Flora and fauna

Laitlum Canyon boasts a diverse range of plant life, including evergreen forests with ferns, orchids, and bamboo, creating a habitat for various animal species. These include macaques, leopards, civets, and a wide variety of birds, and the area is known to be a haven for wildlife enthusiasts. Medicinal plants can also be found in this area, traditionally used by the Khasi tribe.

laitlum canyon

Top attractions and activities in Laitlum Canyon

Laitlum Canyon is a hidden gem for nature lovers, photographers, and adventure seekers. There are easy to difficult trekking and hiking trails, waterfalls, and scenic viewpoints. It also offers rock climbing, rappelling, zip-lining, and a picturesque setting for camping. It is a must-visit destination for those looking to escape the city and experience nature’s tranquility.

laitlum canyon

Local culture and traditions of the Khasi Tribe

The Khasi tribe is a major ethnic group in northeastern India with a rich history dating back to the early centuries AD. They have a unique language and culture and are primarily matrilineal, with women playing prominent roles in social and cultural affairs. Festivals are an essential part of their culture, with significant events including the Nongkrem Dance, honoring the goddess Ka Blei Synshar, and Shad Suk Mynsiem, marking the beginning of the crop season. Visitors can witness these colorful festivals while exploring the Laitlum Canyon.

laitlum canyon

Tips for exploring

The best time to visit Laitlum Canyon is from November to February. Visitors should avoid the monsoon season from June to September when heavy rainfall makes trekking difficult. Comfortable shoes and sufficient water and snacks are necessary for hiking; It is advisable to exercise caution and prevent yourself from slipping or approaching too close to the brink of the cliff. Hiring a local guide or joining an organized tour is recommended to make the most of the trip.


Laitlum Canyon is an excellent destination for nature lovers, adventure enthusiasts, and culture seekers. The natural beauty and Khasi culture make it worth exploring with proper planning, safety measures, and local guidance. With stunning landscapes and rich cultural heritage, it’s a must-visit destination for a refreshing break from the ordinary. Add Laitlum Canyon to your travel itinerary for an unforgettable adventure in the lap of nature.


DHRUBAJYOTI ROY, the visionary behind, who holds a passion for transforming ideas into tangible and awe-inspiring structures. His multifaceted persona encompasses a love for cars & by profession an Architect.

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