Art is the essential of everything that human compass and living with, it plays a remarkable role in everything we are surrounded with, architecture is just like that a part of our lives which we can’t live without, at times architecture created impacts and changed histories, from revolutions to wars it played a very important role.
Byzantine architecture is one like that, when Romans changed into Christians in the mid-fifth century they used architecture to establish their identity to the world, the story of byzantine architecture seems similar to the Baroque architecture, a weapon for the religious revolution.
Every beginning needs their own ideology and the right tool to attract people and to give them the hope for something new, here byzantine architecture played it well when Justinian the great announced Christianity as freedom and told people to follow it without any fear, they needed their own identity for the Christianity.
With higher dome and amazing mosaic structure they established and adapted to the Byzantine architecture style, later people of the world not only in Europe but throughout the world accepted it and even today most of the churches in the world are in byzantine architecture style.
As being used as religious architecture, Byzantine had a feature like a higher dome to show that God is greater than anything and grand mosaic to make the place more of a palace-like feeling so that people enjoy the spiritual feeling by being attracted and attached to the place.
The round arch is a fundamental element in the Byzantine architecture and larger with higher space in the middle of the building made it look more royal and attractive at the same time, the usage of rich mosaic made the architecture to look more of a stylish look.
As being born in the roman country the architecture display more of roman feature from sculptures to Greece cross made it look more stylish, bricks, lime, and sand were used as the basic elements of the Byzantine architecture, it is even used for the construction of public buildings and other construction works too.
The interior design is more important in this architecture as they used plasters to cover the walls, thin marbles were placed just like today’s modern houses, paintings and mosaics were given more important and considered as essential elements of the Byzantine architecture.
As being survived from the fifth century to the mid 14th century it is one of the finest religious architecture styles in the world and even today churches are being built with the principles of Byzantine architecture for its own style and the purpose it was created for.
Works to remember:
Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, turkey- today it is a museum but it is one of the most iconic buildings constructed in the Byzantine architectural style, as it was constructed in the mid 5th century, at that time it is the largest church in the world in the early 19th century it was converted as a mosque but today it is a museum to portray the Greek’s art and culture.
Basilica of Sant’ Apollinare nuovo, basilica of san Vitale and Hosios Loukas are some of most iconic Byzantine architectures.