ARTICLES HISTORICAL PLACES

The architecture of Arunachal Pradesh | North-East India

Architecture of Arunachal Pradesh
Written by Dhrubajyoti Roy

The architecture of Arunachal Pradesh

Content:

  • Arunachal Pradesh
  • Lifestyle
  • Culture
  • The architecture of Arunachal Pradesh
  • Architectures to visit
  • Conclusion

Arunachal Pradesh:

Ready to wander through the most amazing state in India?, Arunachal Pradesh is one of the most beautiful states in India with about 83% of forest-covered and natures everywhere, rain is the most special thing about Arunachal Pradesh, with the highest rainfall in the country.

Arunachal Pradesh is the biggest of the seven sisters in the mighty north Indian region with mountains and magics.

There are endless of things to wonder about AP(Arunachal Pradesh) from the rain to nature and 400 years old Buddhist monastery along with most beautiful hub of tribes and culture, as India is the most diversified country it holds more than thousands of different tribal peoples and hundreds of language, each state in India have a language of their own except Arunachal Pradesh..?

Languages like:                                                                                                                

Nyishi, Tagin  Apatani Adi  Galo), Bengali, Chakma Hajong, Hindi Nepali, Bhotia, Assamese, Mishmi, Nocte, Tangsa and Wancho being spoken in the state but still the state have English as their official language.

With various languages and culture, Arunachal Pradesh is also home to about five Tani tribes(Tagin, Nyishi, Adi, Galo, and Apatani), and to your knowledge, it is the paradise of botanist, with wider varieties of nature Arunachal Pradesh is the home of more than 400 species of flowers.

Many of the Indian states are famous for their history and Arunachal Pradesh also goes back to about at least 11000 years, various architectures are about at least 300year old in AP.

The lifestyle of Arunachal Pradesh:

People of Arunachal Pradesh are having deepened roots with nature, the forest density of the state shows their love for nature, with fishing and hunting they also make their way of living with most of the agriculture.

Tourism is another important thing in Arunachal Pradesh as they have some strict rules to protect their nature and also it helps them to keep their slate clean and is always connected with nature.

Dance is another important wonder in Arunachal Pradesh and mostly people are always grouped for religious rituals.

Culture and traditions :

As rice being their major cultivation and even the Tani people the descendants of botany(father human) are famous for their rice cultivation and it ages back to their morality in the earth.

Apart from the land of adventure, Arunachal has their respect for rice cultivation and they celebrate harvesting festivals like Myoko by Apatanis and Podi-Barbi by Adis, Tam-la-du by Miju and Digaru Mishmis Boori-Boot by Hills Miris(now Nyishi).

Other important festivals the people of Arunachal follow are Major festivals observed in the state are Mopin, Solung, Nyokum, Lossar, Si-Donyi, Boori-Boot, Dree, Reh, Sipong Yong, Chalo-Loku and Kshyatsowai.

The people of Arunachal have their love towards nature and they do worship the god as much, unlike other Indian state people of Arunachal do pray to the god of water and earth to protect them against natural calamities like floods and earthquakes, they call it the Talmadge festival and worship Jebmalu during the festival.

As being the state of a buddha, the people of Arunachal worship buddha equally to the Hindu tradition, a festival called sangen to bathe the image of buddha ceremoniously.

Ojiyale is one of most important festival in the state of Arunachal celebrated during March to April for about six to twelve days with prayer, dance, and song, during the festival people do exchange bamboo tubes of rice beer as a sign of goodwill and greeting, the curious thing is people do offer pigs skin to the village chief as a mark of respect.

Solung is another mighty festival of the Adi tribes in the land of the rising sun, during seven days of the entire festival people make rice beers and store meats and vegetables to celebrate the joyous occasion, people from different rituals make offering to god and goddesses and pray for giant harvest in return.

With different colors of rituals, festivals, and celebrations in the northeastern mountain, it is a land of love and inspiration to follow their way of care to nature and to the land where they live.

With lots of dances music and drinks, the tribes of Arunachal live the western lifestyle in their way.

The architecture of Arunachal:

About three major styles of architecture are followed in Arunachal like high altitude building, medium-altitude building, and low altitude building.

High altitude building:

Because of the uneven topography and hilly terrain the high altitude building is planned as scattered to sustain in the region, stones, and timber used as the core material to build with stone masonry for basement and woods for the main structure.

Like every other state in India, Arunachal is one of the fast-emerging states in the scene of development and today the high altitude buildings are built with glass, plaster and painted woods to compromise with modernism.

Medium altitude building:

This type of buildings are constructed in flat terrain regions with bamboo as the core material as it is the most available in the place, they follow the row architecture style and today even steels, painted woods and cement are added to their historical vernacular architecture to make it stronger, attractive and for the longevity too.

Low altitude buildings:

At least the low terrain buildings still hold the vernacular architecture in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, the houses in low altitude places like changing and trap follow vernacular architecture with bamboo, timber, dry paddy straws and thatch grass for roof.

Vernacular architecture of Arunachal Pradesh:

The architecture of the Adi tribes:

Adi tribes are one of the oldest tribal communities in India with rich culture and tradition, they always followed the vernacular architecture of building their houses with the help of stilts and rectangular.

Bamboo is the core material used as the body of the Adi house, as bamboo is the long-lasting and fire safety, the main stilts are called Giyang(ground to side beam) and the supporting small stilt are called village, both Giyang and Gillae are made from Bellang, Bulukang, Shingkeng, Nahor, Eyum, and Keji woods.

The amazing thing in the Adi architecture is both men and women unite together in building the house, men usually collect all the raw material from bamboos, timbers, and straws and also cut the woods and spin the grass.

More than just an architecture the Adi architecture teaches love and unity in the process of building.

The Nyishi architecture:

The vernacular style of the Nyishi architecture is complete of the natural resources like bamboo” the green gold of Arunachal Pradesh”, the traditional Nyishi house are built with woods, bamboo using the thatch Chinese palm leaves, cane leaves, and banana leaves as roofing material, all the vernacular resources are of the locally available nature resources.

Joints are made using the cane ropes, the usual Nyishi house will last for about 12 years and roofs fro about 5 years.

The modern Nyishi architecture is of the same shape from the ancient days but the construction materials are changed, the native Nyishi architecture is flexible for the earthquake and lightweight in construction.

Architectures to visit:

As Arunachal being the place for many magics and wonderful natural sights to treating eyes, some of the architecture is worth your time and also helps you to explore more in the tradition and the art of Arunachal peoples.

Tawang monastery – the largest monastery in India and the second largest in the world, located in the beautiful valley of Taiwan river, was founded about 300 years ago and before, the Tibetian call it the celestial paradise in the clear night.

Bomdila Monastery, Rigyalling Monastery, Urgelling Monastery are some of the other monastery architecture to visit in Arunachal Pradesh.

Arunachal also has a river bridge called Dhola-Sadiya which connects the state with Assam, it is the longest river bridge in India which connects two states.

Apart from all the things which amaze us about Arunachal architecture style and the strong tradition which they hold freeze us for a moment and think it as a reality, every state have some magic within it which takes you to the boundary and above, but Arunachal has limitless boundaries of nature to wander and architecture to be amazed of, do follow the culture and tradition which is dying slowly in the modern era of technology.

Conclusion:

From nature to mountains and love for animals Arunachal Pradesh is a place for nature lovers and adventure travelers, it is the only Indian state with high level of forests and have more importance for the nature and their love towards the region where they live, with various culture, language and traditions Arunachal is one such wonders in India, if you think you are being lonely and stuck in the machinery life in some city, do take a break and explore the beauties of the northeast and enjoy several festivals along with the native tribes and spread your love towards the nature…

About the author

Dhrubajyoti Roy

I am a 5th-year student pursuing a bachelor's course in Architecture. I partake in freelancing work in the field of Architecture range from buildings in Autocad to 3D Rendering and work through in Lumion.

Leave a Comment